Recording Of Transactions – I – Journalising Solutions

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  1. Answers to Theoretical Questions
  2. Accounting Equation Numerical Questions Solutions
  3. Posting Numerical Questions Solutions
Analysis of Transactions – Journalising – Numerical Questions
11. Journalize the following transactions in the books of Himanshu:

2014   Rs.
Dec.01 Business started with cash 75,000
Dec.07 Purchased goods for cash 10,000
Dec.09 Sold goods to Swati 5,000
Dec.12 Purchased furniture 3,000
Dec.18 Cash receieved from Swati In full setlement 4,000
Dec.25 Paid rent 1,000
Dec.30 Paid salary 1,500





Books of Himanshu Journal
Date Particulars L.F Debit
Amount
Credit
Amount
Dec.01 Cash A/CDr.
To Capital A/C
(Business started with cash)
  75,000 75,000
Dec.07 Purchase A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
Purchased goods for cash)
  10,000 10,000
Dec.09 Swati A/CDr.
To Sales A/C
(Sold goods to Swati)
  5,000 5,000
Dec.12 Furniture A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Purchased furniture)
  3,000 3,000
Dec.18 Cash A/C   4,000  
  Discount Allowed A/CDr.
To Swati A/C
Cash received from Swati in full settlement
  1,000 5,000
Dec.25 Rent A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
Rent Paid
  1,000 1,000
Dec.30 Salary A/CDr.
To Cash
Salary Paid
  1,500 1,500
   Total c/f   1,00,500 1,00,500
12. Enter the following transactions in the journal of Mudit:

2015   Rs.
Jan.01 Commenced business with cash 1,75,000
Jan.01 Building 1,00,000
Jan.02 Goods purchased for cash 75,000
Jan.03 Sold goods to Ramesh 30,000
Jan.04 Paid wages 500
Jan.06 Sold goods for cash 10,000
Jan.10 Paid for trade expenses 700
Jan.12 Cash received from Ramesh
Discount allowed
29,500
500
Jan.14 Goods purchased for Sudhir 27,000
Jan.18 Cartage paid 1,000
Jan.20 Drew cash for personal use 5,000
Jan.22 Goods use for house hold 2,000
Jan.25 Cash paid to Sudhir
Discount allowed
26,700
300
Books of Himanshu Journal
Date Particulars L.F Debit
Amount
Credit
Amount
Jan.01 Cash A/CDr.   1,75,000  
  Building A/CDr.
To Capital A/C
(Business commenced with cash and building)
  100,000 2,75,000
Jan.02 Purchases A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Goods purchased for cash)
  75,000 75,000
Jan.03 Ramesh A/CDr.
To Sales A/C
(Sold goods to Ramesh)
  30,000 30,000
Jan.04 Wages A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Wages paid)
  500 500
Jan.06 Cash A/CDr.
To Sales A/C
(Sold goods for cash)
  10,000 10,000
Jan.10 Trade Expenses A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Paid for Trade Expenses)
  700 700
Jan.12 Cash A/CDr.   29,500  
  Discount Allowed A/CDr.
To Ramesh A/C
(Cash paid by Ramesh for full account settlement)
  500 30,000
Jan.14 Purchases A/CDr.
To Sudhir A/C
(Goods purchased on credit from Sudhir)
  27,000 27,000
Jan.18 Cartage A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Cartage Paid)
  1,000 1,000
Jan.20 Drawings A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Drew cash for personal use)
  5,000 5,000
Jan.22 Drawings A/CDr.
To Purchases A/C
(Drawing of goods for household use)
  2,000 2,000
Jan.25 Sudhir A/CDr.
To Discount Received Account
To Cash A/C
(Cash paid to Sudhir and received discount)
  27,000 300
26,700
   Total c/f   4,83,200 4,83,200
13. Journalize the following transactions:

2014   Rs.
Dec.01 Hema started business with cash 1,00,000
Dec.02 Open a bank account with SBI 30,000
Dec.04 Purchased goods from Ashu 20,000
Dec.06 Sold goods to Rahul for cash 15,000
Dec.10 Bought goods from Tara for cash 40,000
Dec.13 Sold goods to Suman 20,000
Dec.16 Received cheque from Suman 19,00
  Discount allowed 500
Dec.20 Cheque given to Ashu on account 10,000
Dec.22 Rent paid by cheque 2,000
Dec.23 Deposited into bank 16,000
Dec.25 Machine purchased from Parigya 10,000
Dec.26 Trade expenses 2,000
Dec.28 Cheque issued to Parigya 10,000
Dec.29 Paid telephone expenses by cheque 1,200
Dec.31 Paid salary 4,500
Journal
Date Particulars L.F Debit
Amount
Credit
Amount
Dec.01 Cash A/CDr.
To Capital A/C
(Hema started business with cash)
  1,00,000 1,00,000
Dec.02 Bank A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Open a bank account with SBI)
  30,000 30,000
Dec.04 Purchases A/CDr.
To Ashu A/C
(Purchased goods from Ashu)
  20,000 20,000
Dec.06 Cash A/CDr.
To Sales A/C
(Sold goods to Rahul for cash)
  15,000 15,000
Dec.10 Purchases A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Bought goods from Tara for cash)
  40,000 40,000
Dec.13 Suman A/CDr.
To Sales A/C
(Sold goods to Suman)
  20,000 20,000
Dec.16 Bank A/CDr.   19,500  
  Discount allowed A/CDr.
To Suman
(Received cheque from Suman and discount allowed)
  500 20,000
Dec.20 Ashu A/CDr.
To Bank A/C
(Cheque given to Ashu on account)
  10,000 10,000
Dec.22 Rent A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Rent paid by cheque)
  2,000 2,000
Dec.23 Bank A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Deposited into Bank)
  16,000 16,000
Dec.25 Machine A/CDr.
To Parigya A/C
(Machine purchased from Parigya)
  10,000 10,000
Dec.26 Trade Expenses A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Trade expenses)
  2,000 2,000
Dec.28 Parigya A/CDr.
To Bank A/C
(Cheque issued to Parigya)
  10,000 10,000
Dec.29 Telephone expenses A/CDr.
To Bank A/C
(Paid telephone expenses by cheque)
  1,200 1,200
Dec.31 Salary A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Paid Salary)
  4,500 4,500
   Total c/f   3,00,700 3,00,700
14. Journalize the following transactions in the books of Harpreet Bros.:

  1. ₹ 1,000 due from Rohit are now bad debts
  2. Goods worth ₹ 2,000 were used by the proprietor.
  3. Charge depreciation @ 10% p.a for two months on machine costing ₹ 30,000
  4. Provide commission on capital of ₹ 1,50,000 at 6% p.a for 9 months
  5. Rahul who owed ₹ 2,000 became insolvent. A final dividend of ₹ 60 paise is received from his estate.
Journal
Date Particulars L.F Debit
Amount
Credit
Amount
(a) Bad Debt A/CDr.
To Rohit A/C
(Amount due from Rohit is now bad debt.)
  1,000 1,000
(b) Drawings A/CDr.
To Purchases A/C
(Goods drawn by the proprietor)
  2,000 2,000
(c) Depreciation A/CDr.
To Machine A/C
(Charge depreciation @ 10% p.a for two months on machine costing ₹30,000)
  500 500
(d) Commission A/CDr.
To Capital A/C
(commission on capital of ₹1,50,000 at 6% p.a for 9 months)
  6,750 6,750
(e) Cash A/CDr.
  1,200  
  Bad Debt A/CDr.
To Rahul A/C
(Rahul who owed ₹ 2,000 became insolvent. A final dividend of 60paise is received from his estate.)
  800 2000
   Total c/f   12,250 12,250
Prepare Journal from the transactions given below:

  1. Cash paid for installation of machine ₹ 500
  2. Goods given as charity ₹ 2,000
  3. Interest received on capital @7% p.a. when total capital was ₹ 70,000
  4. Received ₹ 1,200 of a bad debts written-off last year.
  5. Goods destroyed by fire ₹ 2,000
  6. Rent outstanding ₹ 1,000
  7. Interest on drawings ₹ 900
  8. Sudhir Kumar who owed me ₹ 3,000 has failed to pay the amount. He pays me a compensation of ₹ 45 paise in a rupee.
  9. Commission received in advance ₹ 7,000





Journal
Date Particulars L.F Debit
Amount
Credit
Amount
(a) Machine A/CDr.
To Cash A/C
(Cash paid for installation of machine ₹500)
  500 500
(b) Charity A/CDr.
To Purchases A/C
(Goods given as charity ₹2,000)
  2,000 2,000
(c) Interest on Capital A/CDr.
To Capital A/C
(Interest received on capital @7% p.a. when total capital was ₹70,000)
  4,900 4,900
(d) Cash A/CDr.
To Bad Debts Recovered A/C
(Received ₹1,200 of a bad debts written-off last year)
  1,200 1,200
(e) Loss of Goods A/CDr.
To Purchases A/C
(Goods destroyed by fire ₹2,000)
  2,000 2,000
(e) Rent A/CDr.
To Rent Outstanding A/C
(Rent outstanding ₹1,000)
  1,000 1,000
(e) Drawings A/CDr.
To Interst on Drawings A/C
(Interest on drawings ₹900)
  900 900
(f) Cash A/CDr.   1,350  
  Bad Debt A/CDr.
To Rahul A/C
(Sudhir Kumar who owed me ₹3,000 has failed to pay the amount. He pays me a compensation of ₹ 45 paise in a rupee)
  1,650 3,000
(g) Commission A/CDr.
To Commission in Advance A/C
(Commission received in advance ₹7,000)
  7,000 7,000
   Total c/f   22,500 22,500

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You might also want to refer the following pages.

  1. Introduction to Accounting
  2. Theory Base of Accounting
  3. Recording of Transactions – I
    1. Answers to Theoretical Questions
    2. Accounting Equation Numerical Questions Solutions
    3. Journalising Numerical Questions Solutions
    4. Posting Numerical Questions Solutions
  4. Recording of Transactions – II
  5. Bank Reconciliation Statement